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Kainoa's Quick and
Dirty Grammar Guide
 

Kainoa's Grading Standards
 

MLA Citation and Plagiarism


Paper Grading Symbols

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Paper Grading Symbols
ART = article:  issue with an article or lack of article in the sentence (such as "a," "an," or "the").
AWK = awkward:  phrase or sentence construction is confusing.
CS = comma splice:  connecting two independent clauses with just a comma.
DM = dangling modifier:  the dependent clause typically at the beginning of a sentence is modifying the wrong word in the independent clause.
FANBOYS = for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so:  incorrect use of one of the FANBOYS to connect two independent clauses.  FANBOYS require a comma when connecting two independent clauses and should always take the form IC, AND IC.
FRAG = fragment:  not a complete sentence.
HYPH = hyphen:  incorrect use of or missing a hyphen.
MLA = MLA Format:  incorrect form of citation.
ll = parallelism:  failure to keep a list parallel by not retaining the same order, type, or tense for each item in the list.
PLUR = plural:  mistaken use of or need for plural form.
POSS = possessive:  mistaken use of or need for possessive form.
PREP = prepositional phrase:  the preposition is incorrectly used or is not a typical counterpart for the phrase.
PRO = pronoun:  pronoun is either incorrect or has an ambiguous antecedent.
RPT = repetition:  refers to either the repetition of the same word in a sentence or to the repetition of ideas when point is already clear.
RUN-ON = run-on sentence:  sentence is too long to remain coherent.  Typically really two or more independent clauses in the same sentence.
TENSE = verb tense:  verb tense is incorrect.
TONE = tone:  the tone of the sentence or passage does not fit with the rest of the text.  Typically, the sentence is too informal or conversational.
TRANS = transition:  a problem is occurring with or there is a lack of a transition between paragraphs or sentences.
WC = word choice:  not best term or incorrect term for given context
WORDY = being wordy:  using too many words or too many of the wrong words to make your point
1 EM = 1 em dash:  needs a double hyphen"--" (i.e. a single long dash).
 = upper/lower case:  change case of triple underlined letters.  Should read "The quick brown fox".
 = add space:  a space is needed.  Should read "the quick brown fox."
 = invert letter order: Should read "what".
 = invert word or phrase order:  Should read "the quick brown fox".
 = delete word:  Should read "the quick brown fox".
 = delete all or portion of punctuation:  As is, text should read "the quick, brown fox".  If all of the semicolon had been circled, then text should read "the quick brown fox".
: = colon:  the colon in the passage is misused or a colon is required.  IC : ....
; = semicolon:  the semicolon in the passage is misused or the passage requires a semicolon.  IC ; IC.  NB:  FANBOYS should not be used with semicolons.
'/" = single quotation mark/double quotation mark: quotation marks used in the passage should be switched.
# = space:  add a space or pay attention to spacing between words.
* = star:  usually used to mark passages referenced in global comments.